France Rules Mayors Cannot Refuse To Marry Gay Couples

This Air France Cutlery Turns Into a Toy Plane

(text) France’s highest court ruled on Friday that the country’s mayors cannot refuse to officiate at same-sex marriages , rejecting a bid by a group of mayors who claimed gay marriage went against their moral or religious beliefs. The Constitutional Council’s ruling followed an appeal by mayors and registrars opposed to Frances controversial bill legalising same-sex marriages, which came into effect in May this year. FRANCE In pictures: Paris Pride parade toasts gay marriage They argued that the same-sex marriage bill should have included a freedom of conscience clause, giving officiators the right not to carry out same-sex marriages if it conflicts with their personal religious or moral beliefs. The lack of such a clause in the bill goes against the French constitution, they claim. But the Council, Frances highest legal authority, rejected this argument in its ruling on Friday morning. The Council judged that, in view of the functions of a state official in the officiating of a marriage, the legislation does not violate their freedom of conscience, the Council said in a statement. A political decision Jean-Michel Colo , the Mayor of Arcangues in southwest France who hit headlines in June when he became the first official to refuse to marry a gay couple, denounced the Councils decision. The Constitutional Council has been manipulated by politics. It is a political decision, he told AFP. Colo said that the group of mayors would now take their case to the European Court of Human Rights. Meanwhile, the group Manif Pour Tous, which has been at the forefront of protests against the legalisation of same-sex marriage, said it supports all the mayors who courageously dare to assert their right to freedom of conscience.

Flamboyant France heads to playoffs on a high note

But those sameconstraints can lead to uncommonly tasteful tableware, such as these playful new EugeniQuitllet silverware sets designed for Air France. There are three new Quitllet-designed sets of cutlery, allmanufacturedby IPI: a traditional, metal set ofsilverware for first class, a plastic version for Premium Economy, and a fun, blister-pack set for kids. Boththe first-class and the premium economy versions are identical except for the material used; both feature a forminspired by Bernoullis principle and air flight in general. But adults in all cabins will be clamoring for the set reserved for children. Perhaps the mostinteresting of the three sets, it comes in a blister pack that breaks downinto sixpieces. Three of those pieces resemble wing pieces, and they slot directly into the provided silverware,approximating the form of an airplane. For children the goal was to transform the cutlery into a toy, Quitllet says. Something that you can keep and play longer after your meal. A sketch of Air Frances new toy-transforming cutlery. Image: Air France There were two primary considerations when designing tableware for Air France: First, anything you bring on a plane should be efficient and light, and second, he wanted it to resemble the act of air travel in some way. The first image that came to mind was pleasure, an idea of going to dinner with Air France, Quitllet explained in a promotional video. Keeping a minimalist airline feel, almost as if the object was designed by air friction. Because every gram matters when youre hauling it cross the seas, Quitllets disposable design treats weight asa primary consideration, achieving a 30 percent reduction in raw material usage that is billed as eco-designed.Since Air France estimates that they serve 14 million meals per year, theres a lot of potential cost savings notonly in the raw material needed, but also the gas costs, especially considering these table sets will be primarilydeployed on long-haul flights. Air France has a tradition of effective design in the cabinsearch eBay for Concorde silverware, and youll seespoons designed byRaymond Loewy and forks byRobert Stadlers design firm for the French airline.

France woke up in that game and went on to win 4-2, then thrashed Australia 6-0 on Friday night. “We are much more in control than we were before,” Deschamps said. “The players are in really good shape at the moment, as well. I hope nothing happens to any of them and that they’ll all be here next month.” In the past two games, Giroud and Benzema have scored twice – with Giroud also contributing to France’s second goal on Tuesday night when his header led to an own goal – while Ribery has been simply unstoppable. “All of the forwards showed good movement,” Deschamps said. “They have a lot of freedom in attack and their understanding was generally very good.” Having won the treble with Bayern Munich last season, Ribery says he wants to win the Golden Ball and is clearly on a mission. He scored twice against Belarus, netted one and set up three against Australia, and almost tore the back of the net out with a fantastic early strike against Finland. He then set up Benzema’s goal late on after some sublime trickery and a perfectly weighted cross from the left. “He’s in top form, he’s full of confidence and you can see it,” Deschamps said. “He’s always been an influential player, but he also depends on the players around him.” Giroud started at center forward for the third straight match, with Benzema again on the bench, which looks like a successful strategy by Deschamps. It has given the team more of a central focal point in attack, thanks to Giroud’s ability to either hold the ball or lay it off thanks to excellent touch, and it has made Benzema hungry again. After 15 games without an international goal, Benzema’s confidence was clearly sapping away. Dropping him to the bench has given him a wake-up call and the relief was clear at Stade de France when he enjoyed a spot of shadow boxing with the crowd as he celebrated his goal. With France in this form, it is their playoff opponents who could well be facing a knockout next month.